How to Understand My Electric Bill 2024


This article is your complete guide on how to read electricity bills in 2024. When was the last time you took a good look at your utility bill? Chances are, it’s been months since you read your bill. For Americans who pay their utility bills by direct debit, it may have been years since you looked at your bills. That can make it hard to understand electricity bills if you ever have a discrepancy or are looking to switch providers.

When you learn how to read your electric bill, you can also learn about many different ways to reduce your energy costs, as well! In this article, we are going to go over all there is to know when understanding an electricity bill in 2024.

We hope you find this post helpful and if you are looking for different ways to become more energy efficient be sure to check out our energy savings calculator! 

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How to Read Your Electric Bill Overview 2024


So, you’re wondering how to read your electric bill and don’t know where to start. The fact of the matter is, you are not alone! There is still a vast majority of small businesses and homeowners who need tips on how to read an electric bill. Especially with how electricity prices have been on the rise and people are tracking their budgets better. So, if you’re working on understanding your electric bill, we can help you by covering the major details that you need to know!

To help understand how to read electricity bills, we are going to start with the basics.

How to Figure out Your Electric Bill – The Basics

If you’re trying to figure out the main components to breaking down your utility bill, here are some of the basic components to be aware of:

  • Account Information
  • Billing dates/billing period
  • Electricity Usage
  • Delivery/Transmission Charges
  • Rate in Kilowatt-Hours (kWh)

What does the electric bill include?

An electricity bill breakdown will typically include the charges for the electricity that you used for your billing period, additional fees, taxes, and surcharges. Certain utility companies will provide a breakdown of your electricity usage and tips and how you can lower it. Your electric bill will also include important information like your account number, electricity rate, and contact info for your utility.

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What is KWh on My Electric Bill?


While we do have an entire article on how to understand kilowatt-hours, to help you understand your electric bill, we are going to briefly cover it. A kilowatt is a unit that measures power and any appliance or device that you plug in at your home are small business consumes units of energy which are watts or kilowatts. The easiest way for companies to charge you for kilowatt usage is by the hour.

When you are trying to figure out how to read electricity bills, kWh is one of the most important things to keep track of. The amount of kilowatt-hours you use during the month is how you are charged with a rate by your utility company.

Electricity Bill Explained – How to Read kilowatts

When you sign up with a certain utility company, you sign a contract and typically agree to an electricity rate, usually in cents, which is what you’re paying per kWh. If you see your electricity bill and notice that you’ve used about 2500 kWh in a month, you can multiply that number by the kWh rate on your bill to determine the bulk of your charges. For example, if your kWh rate is set at 15 cents, you would be paying around $375 a month for your bill.

2500 kWh used * $0.15 electricity rate = $375

The average kWh rate in the United States is $0.15 per kWh. Make sure you know your rate and if you’re in a market where you can switch energy providers if you’re paying too much.

Related post: Complete Guide on How to Lower Your Energy Bill; 8 Tricks to Reduce Your Energy Bill

How to Figure Out Your Electricity Bill – What is the Electric Delivery vs Electric Supply?


So, if you’re trying to figure out how to read electricity bills, you’re probably realizing that everything about producing electricity comes with a cost. Certain charges on your energy bill are a result of the production, transportation, and maintenance of electricity. That comes with the supply and delivery charges. We are going to briefly cover these supply and delivery charges to help you learn how to read your electric bill.

How to Read Electricity Bill – What is the Electricity Delivery Charge?

The electricity delivery charge on your electric bill is derived from all of the costs of delivering electricity to your home. This rate is set by your local utility company and comes from the costs to transport, store, and maintain electricity for you or your small business. You typically have no control over these costs unless you can switch energy providers.

When you’re learning how to read your light bill, you might see these three charges coming from the delivery side of things:

  • Transition – Transition charges come from your Public Utility Commission meeting your state’s legal requirements and recovering costs.
  • Transmission –  The Transmission charge comes from getting the electricity from the power plant to you through high-voltage lines into your home or small business.
  • Distribution –   Distribution charges come from for utility companies maintaining and building electricity infrastructure like power poles and local lines. It costs money to get electricity to you!

What is a supply charge in the electricity bill?

The supply charge is a bit more easy to understand when you’re learning how to read a power bill. The supply charge on your electric bill is simply just how much energy you’ve used! Your supply charge will be the total cost of how much energy you’ve generated in your billing period.

In the section where we talked about kWh, it is the actual process of using your utility company’s kWh rate and charging you based on usage. You are being charged based on how many kWh you’ve used in your billing period is the supply charge.

Related post: Complete Guide to Electric Delivery Vs Electric Supply

How to Read Electricity Bill – Other Components


Here we take a look at the various pieces of information you’re likely to find on your electricity bill. These items are not as important when you’re learning how to read your electric bill and balance a budget, but still important. Items such as your electricity account number, your tariff, a breakdown of the charges you’re paying, and your electricity consumption all provide important data about your energy consumption and how much it’s costing you.

Particularly if you’re looking for ways to save money, having a good understanding of your utility bill could equip you with the intelligence needed to get the most power for your dollar, as well as incentivize you to reduce the amount of electricity you’re using.

What are other components that I would need to know to understand my electricity bills?

  • Your account number
  • Contact info
  • Your electricity bill due date
  • Other additional charges

Electricity Account Number

Frequently found on the top right-hand side of the bill (or beneath your customer contact details), the electricity account number is usually a long string of numbers and letters. In most cases, your electricity supplier will preface the number with a title such as “electricity account number” or “account number”.

The account number relates to the account that you, the individual named on the bill, have with the supplier. Your account will contain information on the electricity you’ve used, as well as the payments you’ve made.

How to read electricity bill – Additional Charges

  • Basic tariff
  • Administration charges
  • Transition adjustment
  • Green Tariff

Basic Tariff

This is the amount charged for maintaining the infrastructure needed to bring power to your property. You will be charged a set amount to cover this, regardless of the amount of power you use.

Administration Charge

The company processing your bills will charge you an administrative charge to cover the costs of billing, customer care, etc. This may vary, depending on whether you use the same company for administering your account as you do for your energy, or if you buy your energy separately.

Transition Adjustment

If you’re buying your energy from another provider, the billing provider may charge you an amount known as a transition adjustment.

Green Tariff (Systems Benefit Charge)

In some states, a tariff is deducted to cover green energy initiatives, energy research, subsidies to low-income families, and similar projects.

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How to Read Electricity Bill FAQ

Q: Why is my electric bill so high?

A: There are many different reasons why your electric bill is so high. You could have outdated appliances, poor insulation, or even older lightbulbs that are sucking more energy than newer models. You can read other reasons here – Why is My Electric Bill So High?

Q: What information is typically included on an electric bill?

A: An electric bill contains important information such as the account holder’s name, address, and account number, the billing date, and the billing period. It also includes the amount of electricity used during the billing period, measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh), and the rate plan, which determines the cost per kWh of electricity used. The charges section of the bill includes the total cost of the electricity used, along with any additional fees or charges such as taxes, surcharges, or service fees.

Do you Need Cheaper Electricity?

If you’ve taken the time to understand the information on your bill and discovered you’re paying more than you’d like for your electricity, have you looked around for a cheaper deal? The Energy Professor has a wealth of information on ways to save on your utilities, including details of top deals that could significantly reduce your monthly or quarterly electricity bills.

We hope you found this article helpful! If you are looking for ways to increase energy efficiency and sustainability in your home be sure to take a look at all of the latest renewable energy options in your area. The Energy Professor helps residential and small business owners find qualified energy suppliers in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Texas, Ohio, Maryland, Illinois, and Massachusetts